Sites -> Fort Vancouver National Site -> People -> Native Peoples -> 20th Century

Out of the Valley

Not many native people–Chinook, Cowlitz, or Klickitat– remained in the valley west of the Cascades in Oregon and Washington, since it was the destination for so many early settlers. Today, quite a few Chinook people live further downriver, close to the Pacific coast.

Most of the Cowlitz people now live within two hours drive of the Cowlitz River, but not directly on the river that is named after them. This tribe of over 1400 people has an office in Longview, and is seeking federal recognition.

Many of the present-day descendants of the Klickitat people are part of the Yakama Nation. The Yakama Nation has been a sovereign treaty tribe since 1855, when the Klickitat were one of fourteen tribes that confederated on this reservation. By 1970, Klickitat people had essentially merged with the Yakama.

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